Barwick C.J.(1), McTiernan(2), Menzies(3), Walsh(4), Gibbs(5) and Stephen(6)JJ.
Barwick C.J.(1)10. There are some basic propositions of constitutional construction which . The words of the Constitution , subject only to alteration by the means provided bys.128 of the Constitution. The connotation of words employed in the Constitution though changing events and attitudes may in some circumstances extend the denotation or reach of those words. These propositions are fully documented in the reported decisions of this Court which has the task of finally and authoritatively deciding both the connotation and the denotation of the language of the Constitution. (at p229)