What does a signature mean? I will tell you right now that when you sign something (no matter what “they” say), it means that you accept liability.
And if you don’t read and agree to EVERYTHING you sign, you are making a big mistake.
I am constantly being asked… “How do I sign my name? … AND maintain my rights?”
We all know that before they let us go, they ALWAYS want us to sign something to keep us coming back. There are other points in the “legal” system where a “signature” is expected or required before the court can proceed as well.
I have heard that adding “Under Duress”, or “All Rights Reserved” to a signature when signing a document will maintain our inherent human rights; and while this could work as well, the proper and Latin way to sign under duress is to add a “V.C.” before your name.
Vi Coactus, abbreviated to V.C., is a latin term. The website wikipedia cites the definition of vi coactus as:
“constrained by force”. Used when forced to sign (“or else …”)
Perhaps the most famous use of vi coactus when signing a document was that of Cornelius de Witt. Alexandre Dumas captured the event as follows:
The Grand Pensionary bowed before the will of his fellow citizens; Cornelius de Witt, however, was more obstinate, and notwithstanding all the threats of death from the Orangist rabble, who besieged him in his house at Dort, he stoutly refused to sign the act by which the office of Stadtholder was restored. Moved by the tears and entreaties of his wife, he at last complied, only adding to his signature the two letters V. C. (Vi Coactus), notifying thereby that he only yielded to force.
There is scant authoritative information regarding this term on the web. However, on the One Heaven Society of United Free States of Spirits website the following information is provided:
The Bar want you to sign as surety
At key points in a Court case, the Bar members want you to sign certain documents. Why? Because your signature is like your vocalized consent – it can be legally interpreted as your agreement to be surety for an obligation and to perform as well as to waive other rights.
Do you have to sign? No you don’t. But in many cases, the Bar has designed a system so that if you don’t it is interpreted as dishonor so that they can invoke their power of attorney powers to declare you delinquent, incompetent and send you to prison anyway.
This is why you may have heard of people who refused to sign the papers when entering prison and yet were treated worse than most serious criminals, with complete apparent ignorance of their rights- why? because the system is designed at certain points where you MUST sign. So how do you overcome an unjust and unfair system that forces a man or woman to sign under duress, against their will and yet interprets such signatures as valid under Canon Law? The answer is making sure you signature follows a clear mark of duress.
Before you sign anything under duress, in order not to be unfairly determined as in dishonor and incompetent, you may lawfully initial in large letters the letters V.C. where you will sign, then sign your name after- always after.
What V.C. stands for is Latin for Vi Coactus which means literally “under constraint”. This should normally be sufficient on any document which you are forced to sign to bear witness to the fact that it was done under duress.
Now, at the earliest opportunity before the court or official, you can make it known that upon review of your signature it can be proven to have been forced under threat and coercion and so cannot be used as legally binding agreement.
In some locations and in some prisons as this knowledge grows, it is possible that law enforcement officials may start to reject such signatures, adding more threat and force on a person to sign without using V.C. It is your choice remembering that if you allow such criminal intimidation and torture to prevail and do sign without protest then the system can simply lie and state you made such a sign of your “own free will”.
So if they tear up the paperwork and demand you do it again, stating that such a signature is unlawful then such claims are against the laws of the Roman Cult Canon Law- the actual law that underpins their own statutes and regulations. However, if after several attempts they still refuse, there is a second method equally valid- the use of ellipse.
The use of ellipses
When the threat of intimidation or outright rejection of lawful protest is too great, then a second and equally valid method of signing under protest is permitted, namely the use of three full stops placed first, followed by the signature so that the three dots are not obscured by the signature.
This is called an ellipsis eg “…” and indicates that legally there was a form of words you wanted to state but were unable due to some event, in this case because of threat and coercion.
Thus, at the earliest opportunity the ellipsis can be revealed and it can be stated that you intended to write V.C. but were prevented therefore nullifying any agreement.
It would be of interest to the author if there have been any more recent cases where V.C. has been used to sign a document. There appears to have been a case in Indonesia where Dutch interests signed V.C., however, the author does not have full access to the journal in question:
The Measures Taken by the Indonesian Government against …by I Login – 1958 – Related articles
Authority” or “o.p.” (under protest) or “v.c.” (vi coactus). And that, of course , was preciously what it was: compelled by force. …
Further definitions and their sources:
Black’s Law Dictionary (9th edition)
The ninth edition does not provide a definition for vi coactus.
Cassell’s Latin Dictionary (27th edition, 1955, pp.103)
a compulsion, compelling; coactu atque efflagitatu meo, cic.
The Oxford Latin Dictionary ABS-LIB (1968, pp. 339)
1. Compressed, condensed; (of milk) curdled. b (neut. pl. as sb.) felt cloak.
2. Unnatural, artificial, forced, contrived.
3. (of instruments, actions, etc.) Unwilling, forced. b. required by law, compulsary.
Interestingly, Cassell’s Latin Dictionary and the Oxford Latin Dictionary provide the additional definitions:
Cassell’s Latin Dictionary:
coacto – To compel.
coactor – 1. a collector of rents, money at auctions, etc. 2. One who compels.
Oxford Latin Dictionary:
coacto – To compel.
coactor – 1. A collector (of money, taxes, etc.). 2. the troops bringing up the rear.
- List of Lation abbreviations (wikipedia.org)
- Dumas, Alexandre – Black Tulip, The (literature.org)
- Signing in protest and under duress (one-heaven.org)
- Cassell’s Latin Dictionary, pp.103 (exfacie.com)
- Oxford Latin Dictionary, pp.339 (exfacie.com)
Ellipse Group specialise in Plant Hire, Surveying, Drafting and Construction Services.ReplyDelete
This comment has been removed by the author.ReplyDelete
Since none of the links to Frank O’Collins’ material on this page work, do you have the items linked to? I urgently need them. Please email them to me. I cannot find your email address anywhere on this site, or if I did it doesn't work.ReplyDelete
My email address: 1LawOfLiberty@gmail.com
In addition to what is linked in this article, I particularly need the templates for Frank O'Collins/Ucadia Will and Testament, Trust, appointment of general executor, and notice of Will and Testament--all for my personalization and recording before court hearing for unlawful detainer.
Please send to my email address: 1LawOfLiberty@gmail.com
I will appreciate hearing from anyone with knowledge, understanding, wisdom, and experience with any of Frank O'Collins'/Ucadia's processes, documents, model.
Regarding the alleged foreclosure: Chase and MTGLQ Investors, LP have no contract with us, we were never in default, they sent no Notice of Default, have no deed of conveyance in the public record from Washington Mutual Bank and even if they did another lien is senior, and they prove no lawful valuable consideration. With all those facts, and many more, judge granted a sale date and signed attorney's order with no mention of any law in the motion or order, or any basis whatsoever for the sale! Trustee "foreclosed" with a credit bid by MTGLQ on 7/7/2017 and filed 7/13/2017 Trustee's Deed Upon Sale. Research term "credit bid": a term related to bankruptcy, yet no bkr involved!
I am a student working in the trenches, fighting many legal battles to save human lives (elderly parents and others) out of nursing homes, and family properties–from eviction on lawless, wrongful foreclosure after 9 years of court battles,(Son’s, mine, sister's) with judges ruling contrary to plain session laws, procedure, case law, and judicial canons.
I now understand the position of working in the commercial context as living men and women occupying the office of the General Executor of the Trust, which contains the Will and Testament for the estate of the COLB. Please correct me if, in your knowledge and understanding, I've misstated that.
Only 4 weeks past did I first learn of Frank O’Collins and his work, which I am learning, absorbing and attempting to implement, but with mere pieces. Your help will be immensely appreciated–anything you can send me.
Thank you so much for publishing this article. I have many to share this with, but won't until I have the documents and go through the processes myself first. I must test the waters for myself before I pass anything to others. You sending me the templates will start my process. Then I can refer others to this website.
We must reach all men and women–particularly age 60 yrs and younger--for rescue and for energy to change things; and all older for rescue. But I need victory to save my folks, my homestead, theirs, and my Son’s.
Anyone with any of Frank O’Collins material in any form, please send to me
Yehovah is helping us all.
If anyone knows anyone who will help me put up a website, I will appreciate that, too, since I have had not one minute to learn that but can post once a site is made to post to.
Respectfully and sincerely,
This comment has been removed by the author.ReplyDelete
Only aspire to mention ones content can be as incredible. This clarity with your post is superb and that i may think you’re a guru for this issue. High-quality along with your concur permit me to to seize your current give to keep modified by using approaching blog post. Thanks a lot hundreds of along with you should go on the pleasurable get the job done. Sports Recreation Liability WaiverReplyDelete